UPS Room – Related Fire Code

 IFC 2015, Section 608

Section 608 applies to stationary storage battery systems having an electrolyte capacity of more than 50 gal for flooded lead-acid, nickel-cadmium (Ni-Cd), and VRLA or more than 1,000 lb for Li-ion and lithium-metal-polymer used for facility standby power, emergency power, or UPS.

As defined by IFC 608.6.1, room ventilation:

Ventilation shall be provided in accordance with the International Mechanical Code and the following:

  1. For flooded lead-acid, flooded Ni-Cd, and VRLA batteries, the ventilation system shall be designed to limit the maximum concentration of hydrogen to 1% of the total volume of the room.
  2. Continuous ventilation shall be provided at a rate of not less than 1 cfm/sq ft of floor area of the room.

Exception: Li-ion and lithium-metal-polymer batteries shall not require additional ventilation beyond that which would normally be required for human occupancy of the space in accordance with the International Mechanical Code.

The two ventilation requirements are not an “either/or” permissive option. This is contrary to the requirements of NFPA 1.

Other generic provisions of IFC Section 608 include the following:

  • Must prevent access to unauthorized personnel. This can be accomplished by either locating in separate room or in noncombustible cabinets. They may be located in the same room with the equipment they support.
  • Must provide spill control and neutralization for batteries with free-flowing electrolyte (i.e., flooded cell batteries). No specific threshold is given, but it is assumed to apply where greater than 50 gal. Not required for VRLA or lithium.
  • Must have proper supervision of ventilation system.
  • Must have signage on door.
  • Must have smoke detection.
  • Requires thermal runaway protection for VRLA batteries.
  • Li-ion and lithium-metal batteries don’t require ventilation.

NFPA 1-2015, Chapter 52

NFPA 1 is not as frequently adopted by municipalities as the IFC. While the basic requirements of NFPA 1 generally parallel those of the IFC, the technical provisions within NFPA 1 do have significant difference that can impacted the design of related battery ventilation systems. These requirements are as follows:

Chapter 52 applies to stationary storage battery systems having an electrolyte capacity of more than 100 gal in sprinklered buildings or 50 gal in nonsprinklered buildings for flooded lead-acid, Ni-Cd, and VRLA batteries or 1,000 lbs for Li-ion and lithium-metal-polymer batteries used for facility standby power, emergency power, or UPS. This is a significantly lower threshold than that in IFC.

NFPA 1, 52.3.6 Ventilation indicates:

For flooded lead-acid, flooded Ni-Cd, and VRLA batteries, ventilation shall be provided for rooms and cabinets in accordance with the International Mechanical Code and one of the following:

  1. The ventilation system shall be designed to limit the maximum concentration of hydrogen to 1% of the total volume of the room during the worst-case event of simultaneous “boost” charging of all the batteries in accordance with nationally recognized standards.
  2. Continuous ventilation shall be provided at a rate of not less than 1 cfm/sq ft of floor area of the room or cabinet.

This language allows for significantly more flexibility than IFC. Other provisions of Chapter 52 include the following, which are not addressed in the IFC:

  • In assembly, educational, detention, health care, day care, etc., battery systems shall be located in a room separate from other portions of the building and be 2-hour fire-rated.
  • Thermal runaway protection is required for lithium batteries.
  • Spill control is required where there are more than 55 gal in individual vessels or an aggregate capacity of greater than 1,000 gal.
  • The battery environment shall be controlled or analyzed to maintain temperatures in a safe operating range for the specific battery technology used. In the case of VRLA batteries, they’re typically rated for an ambient of 77˚F. Although it is not specifically stated, this effectively requires that air conditioning be provided for most battery rooms.

Lithium Ion Battery Fire Video

Cloud Computing Audit Checklist

 by Jeff 

Cloud-Based IT Audit Process

11_Cloud-Based IT Audit Process

Cloud-Based IT Governance

12_Cloud Based Governance

System and Infrastructure Life Cycle Management for the Cloud

13_System and Infrastructure Life Cycle Management for the Cloud

Cloud-Based IT Service Delivery and Support

14_

Protection and Privacy of Information Assets in the Cloud

15

Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery

16

Global Regulation and Cloud Computing

17

Medium Voltage 11kV Cable Joint Demonstration

Remove 1 meter of the Red [Oversheath];to expose the [Armouring] – Single Layer of galvanised circular steel wires – to be cut away.

Insert collar under the [Armouring] and tighten with external collar.

Remove black [Sheath], [Tape Binder], white[Laying up] to expose the copper[Metallic Screen].

Remove black insulation Screen to expose grey insulation.

Repeat for 2nd Cable.

Expose 10cm of the conductor, clean, add insulation and prepare for insulation test.

Insulation test before mechanical connection of cable conductors.

IMG_6265

Remember to insert the final Oversheath in the last step before you joint the cable.

Mechanical joint of conductors, with heat shrink insulation and wrap over with braiding tape.

Wrapping of Armouring steel guard wire and testing insulation.

Lift & Escalators Standards : China vs British Standards

Comparison :China GuoBiao(GB) Standard & British Standards (BS)

中國人民共和國國家標準

GB stands for GuoBiao

British Standards (BS)
GB standards are the Chinese national standards issued by the Standardization Administration of China (SAC). British Standards are the standards produced by BSI Group which is incorporated under a Royal Charter (and which is formally designated as the National Standards Body (NSB) for the UK).
LIFT
GB 7588:2003 BS EN 81-1:1998
 GB 7588 2003  BS EN 81 1 1998
ESCALATOR  
GB16899:2011 BS EN 115-1:2008
 GB16899 2011

GB16899 2011

 BS EN 115-1 2008

 

LIFT GB and EN Standards Comparison 
Category BS EN 81-1:1998 GB 7588:2003
Machinery in a machine room 5.2.6.3.2.3 There shall be a clear vertical distance of at least 0,30 m above unprotected rotating parts of

the machine.

 

5.2.6.4.2 Dimensions of working areas inside the well

5.2.6.4.2.2 There shall be a clear vertical distance of at least 0,30 m above unprotected rotating parts of the machine.

There shall be a clear vertical distance of at least 0,30 m above unprotected rotating parts of

the machine.

 

Maximum Available Car Area 5.4.2 Available car area, rated load, number of passengers

Car area as per table 6 & 8

 

Car area as per chapter 8 table 1 & 2, allowance of not more than 5 %
Landing doors and car doors 5.3 Landing doors and car doors

5.3.1.4 When closed, the clearance between door panels, or between panels and uprights, lintels or sills,shall not exceed 6 mm.

 

 

This value, due to wear, may reach 10 mm, with the exception of doors made from glass

7 Landing Doors and Car Doors

Passenger Lift – the clearance between door panels, or between panels and uprights, lintels or sills,shall not exceed 6 mm.

Goods Lift, gap should not exceed 8mm

This value, due to wear, may reach 10 mm

Lift Safety Gear 5.6.2.1.2.1 Car safety gear

Car safety gear:

a) shall be of the progressive type, or

b) may be of the instantaneous type if the rated speed of the lift does not exceed 0,63 m/s.

 

5.6.2.1.2.3 The safety gear of the counterweight or balancing weight shall be of the progressive type if the rated speed exceeds 1 m/s, otherwise the safety gear may be of the instantaneous type.

 

9.8.2.1 may be of the instantaneous type if the rated speed of the lift does not exceed 0,63 m/s.

 

9.8.2.3 The safety gear of the counterweight or balancing weight shall be of the progressive type if the rated speed exceeds 1 m/s, otherwise the safety gear may be of the instantaneous type

 

 

Appendix D

Rated Load and Maximum Car Area

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8.1 轿厢高度

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Number of Passenger and minimum car area

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8.2.3 乘客数量

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ESCALATOR GB and EN Standards Comparison 
Category BS EN 115-1:2008 GB16899:2011
Supporting structure (truss) 5.2.5 Structural design

Based on the rated load, the maximum calculated or measured deflection shall not exceed 1/750 of the

distance l1 between the supports

5.2.5 Structural design

Based on the rated load, the maximum calculated or measured deflection shall not exceed 1/750 of the

distance l1 between the supports.

 

Public Transport escalator and travellator deflection should not exceed 1/1000.

Auxiliary brake 5.4.2.2 Auxiliary brake

5.4.2.2.1 Escalators and inclined moving walks shall be equipped with auxiliary brake(s) if:

c) the rise h13 exceeds 6 m (see also H.2).

 

H.2 Escalators or moving walks for public transport

it is recommended to install auxiliary brakes also for rises h13 less than 6 m.

5.4.2.2 Auxiliary brake

5.4.2.2.1 Escalators and inclined moving walks shall be equipped with auxiliary brake(s) if:

c) the rise h13 exceeds 6 m (see also H.2).

 

H.2 Escalators or moving walks for public transport

auxiliary brakes must be installed for rises h13 less than 6 m.

Stopping 5.12.2.2.4 Stopping initiated by monitoring or electric safety devices (revised in 2014 version)

5.12.2.2.4.1 In case of any event detected by a monitoring or electric safety device as listed in Table 6 the driving machine shall be prevented from starting or shall be stopped immediately before a restart procedure

5.12.2.2.4 Stopping initiated by monitoring or electric safety devices

5.12.2.2.4.1 In case of any event detected by a monitoring or electric safety device as listed in Table 6 the driving machine shall be prevented from starting or shall be stopped immediately before a restart procedure.

Monitoring of status is complusory

Steel Standards Structural Steel Standards

EN10025-1, EN10025-2, EN10025-3, EN10025-4, EN10025-5, EN10025-6

Quenched and Tempered steel

EN 10083-1, EN 10083-2, EN 10083-3

GB/T 699, GB/T 700, GB/T 1581, GB/T3007,

GB/T 4171 & GB/T 6270

Electronic components Standards EN61249, HD21.3S3, HD21.4S2, HD21.5S3, HD22.4S4 GB/T 5023.3 ,GB/T 5023.4,GB/T 5023.5

GB/T 5013, GB5014

Requirements for Monitor and electrical safety devices

About

Cycling to Everest Base Camp May2010

My name is Chong Ser Siong, graduating from Nanyang Technological University,Singapore, in 2003 with a Bachelor Degree in Electrical & Electronics Engineering .

I began my job with Singapore Technologies Electronics(STE)in Singapore in 2003 working as a Planning Engineer on Circle Line Project C830 Contract on the Extra Low Voltage (ELV) Systems.

In 2005, I went to work as a Project Engineer with STE( Info Communications) in Taiwan for a Emergency Crisis Management System project.

in 2006, I join a Joint Venture company C855 Woh Hup-Shanghai Tunneling Engineering Cooperation- Alpine Mayreader to work as a Coordinated Installation Programme Planner.

In 2008, Marina Bay Sands Singapore opportunity came along and allow me to perform as a Senior Planning Engineer for Mechanical & Electrical Systems, Extra Low Voltage System for the Meeting Incentive Convention Exhibitions, Casino, Linkways, District Cooling System, Arts Science Museum, Atrium, Theatres, Shopping Malls,etc.

In 2011, I left for MGM Macau to work as a Project Manager for Additional and Alteration works and working on the unbuilt area of MGM Macau.